Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA

KAGRA Collaboration, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

183 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present possible observing scenarios for the Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We estimate the sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron star systems, which are the most promising targets for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90 % credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5–20deg2 requires at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ∼ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. When all detectors, including KAGRA and the third LIGO detector in India, reach design sensitivity, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3
JournalLiving Reviews in Relativity
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

LIGO (observatory)
gravitational waves
detectors
astronomy
sensitivity
sky
binary stars
India
neutron stars
planning
bandwidth
estimates

Cite this

KAGRA Collaboration, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration. / Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA. In: Living Reviews in Relativity. 2018 ; Vol. 21, No. 1.
@article{0dd357f01a644789b322881c642d5c08,
title = "Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA",
abstract = "We present possible observing scenarios for the Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We estimate the sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron star systems, which are the most promising targets for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90 {\%} credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5–20deg2 requires at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ∼ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. When all detectors, including KAGRA and the third LIGO detector in India, reach design sensitivity, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.",
keywords = "Data analysis, Electromagnetic counterparts, Gravitational waves, Gravitational-wave detectors",
author = "{KAGRA Collaboration, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration} and Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and Abbott, {T. D.} and Abernathy, {M. R.} and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and T. Adams and P. Addesso and Adhikari, {R. X.} and Adya, {V. B.} and C. Affeldt and M. Agathos and K. Agatsuma and N. Aggarwal and Aguiar, {O. D.} and L. Aiello and A. Ain and P. Ajith and T. Akutsu and B. Allen and A. Allocca and Altin, {P. A.} and A. Ananyeva and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and M. Ando and S. Appert and K. Arai and A. Araya and Araya, {M. C.} and Areeda, {J. S.} and N. Arnaud and Arun, {K. G.} and H. Asada and S. Ascenzi and G. Ashton and Y. Aso and M. Ast and Aston, {S. M.} and P. Astone and Bader, {M. K.M.} and J. Bartlett and C. Beer and Bell, {A. S.} and Berry, {C. P.L.} and Bilenko, {I. A.} and J. Blackman and Blair, {C. D.} and Blair, {D. G.} and M. Boer and S. Bose and Brady, {P. R.} and Brooks, {A. F.} and Brown, {D. A.} and Brown, {N. M.} and Buchanan, {C. C.} and H. Cao and J. Cao and M. Chan and Chen, {H. Y.} and Y. Chen and Cheng, {H. P.} and Q. Chu and Chua, {A. J.K.} and S. Chua and S. Chung and Clark, {J. A.} and Cooper, {S. J.} and Costa, {C. A.} and Cowan, {E. E.} and Coward, {D. M.} and A. Cumming and L. Cunningham and Danilishin, {S. L.} and Davies, {G. S.} and D. Davis and R. Day and J. Degallaix and R. Douglas and Dwyer, {S. E.} and Edwards, {M. C.} and A. Effler and M. Evans and Evans, {T. M.} and X. Fan and Farr, {W. M.} and Fisher, {R. P.} and M. Fletcher and J. George and S. Ghosh and S. Gras and C. Gray and Green, {A. C.} and X. Guo and A. Gupta and Gupta, {M. K.} and Hall, {E. D.} and G. Hammond and J. Hanson and Hart, {M. J.} and Hartman, {M. T.} and Heng, {I. S.} and J. Henry and K. Holt and P. Hopkins and Houston, {E. A.} and Howell, {E. J.} and Hu, {Y. M.} and Iyer, {B. R.} and Johnson, {W. W.} and Jones, {D. I.} and R. Jones and L. Ju and T. Kagawa and G. Kang and T. Kaur and Kelley, {D. B.} and R. Kennedy and Key, {J. S.} and I. Khan and S. Khan and Z. Khan and C. Kim and H. Kim and Kim, {J. C.} and Kim, {Y. M.} and King, {E. J.} and King, {P. J.} and P. Kumar and Rakesh Kumar and L. Kuo and Lang, {R. N.} and J. Lange and Lasky, {P. D.} and Lee, {C. H.} and Lee, {H. K.} and Lee, {H. M.} and Lee, {H. W.} and K. Lee and Leong, {J. R.} and Li, {T. G.F.} and J. Liu and R. Lynch and Y. Ma and Macleod, {D. M.} and N. Man and K. Mason and R. McCarthy and McClelland, {D. E.} and McGuire, {S. C.} and G. McIntyre and McManus, {D. J.} and T. McRae and McWilliams, {S. T.} and H. Miao and H. Middleton and Miller, {A. L.} and Miller, {B. B.} and J. Miller and Moore, {B. C.} and Moore, {C. J.} and Muir, {A. W.} and S. Mukherjee and Murray, {P. G.} and K. Napier and Nguyen, {T. T.} and Oh, {S. H.} and M. Oliver and K. Ono and Ottaway, {D. J.} and J. Page and W. Parker and J. Powell and Pratt, {J. W.W.} and J. Qin and J. Read and S. Reid and Robertson, {N. A.} and R. Romano and K. Ryan and Sanders, {J. R.} and Savage, {R. L.} and J. Schmidt and J. Scott and Scott, {S. M.} and A. Singh and R. Singh and Slagmolen, {B. J.J.} and B. Smith and Smith, {J. R.} and Smith, {R. J.E.} and K. Somiya and Spencer, {A. P.} and Srivastava, {A. K.} and Stephens, {B. C.} and Stevenson, {S. P.} and R. Stone and Strigin, {S. E.} and L. Sun and Sutton, {P. J.} and K. Tanaka and R. Taylor and Thomas, {E. G.} and M. Thomas and P. Thomas and S. Tiwari and M. Tse and T. Tsuzuki and {van Heijningen}, {J. V.} and Veitch, {P. J.} and Vine, {D. J.} and Vyatchanin, {S. P.} and Wade, {L. E.} and M. Walker and L. Wallace and S. Walsh and G. Wang and H. Wang and M. Wang and Y. Wang and Ward, {R. L.} and J. Warner and Wei, {L. W.} and Weinstein, {A. J.} and R. Weiss and L. Wen and Whelan, {J. T.} and D. Williams and Williams, {R. D.} and Williamson, {A. R.} and Willis, {J. L.} and Wright, {J. L.} and Wu, {D. S.} and G. Wu and H. Yamamoto and Yap, {M. J.} and Hang Yu and Haocun Yu and L. Zhang and M. Zhang and T. Zhang and Y. Zhang and C. Zhao and M. Zhou and Z. Zhou and Zhu, {S. J.} and Zhu, {X. J.}",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s41114-018-0012-9",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
journal = "Living Reviews in Relativity",
issn = "1433-8351",
publisher = "Albert Einstein Institut",
number = "1",

}

Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA. / KAGRA Collaboration, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration.

In: Living Reviews in Relativity, Vol. 21, No. 1, 3, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA

AU - KAGRA Collaboration, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Abbott, T. D.

AU - Abernathy, M. R.

AU - Acernese, F.

AU - Ackley, K.

AU - Adams, C.

AU - Adams, T.

AU - Addesso, P.

AU - Adhikari, R. X.

AU - Adya, V. B.

AU - Affeldt, C.

AU - Agathos, M.

AU - Agatsuma, K.

AU - Aggarwal, N.

AU - Aguiar, O. D.

AU - Aiello, L.

AU - Ain, A.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Akutsu, T.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Allocca, A.

AU - Altin, P. A.

AU - Ananyeva, A.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Anderson, W. G.

AU - Ando, M.

AU - Appert, S.

AU - Arai, K.

AU - Araya, A.

AU - Araya, M. C.

AU - Areeda, J. S.

AU - Arnaud, N.

AU - Arun, K. G.

AU - Asada, H.

AU - Ascenzi, S.

AU - Ashton, G.

AU - Aso, Y.

AU - Ast, M.

AU - Aston, S. M.

AU - Astone, P.

AU - Bader, M. K.M.

AU - Bartlett, J.

AU - Beer, C.

AU - Bell, A. S.

AU - Berry, C. P.L.

AU - Bilenko, I. A.

AU - Blackman, J.

AU - Blair, C. D.

AU - Blair, D. G.

AU - Boer, M.

AU - Bose, S.

AU - Brady, P. R.

AU - Brooks, A. F.

AU - Brown, D. A.

AU - Brown, N. M.

AU - Buchanan, C. C.

AU - Cao, H.

AU - Cao, J.

AU - Chan, M.

AU - Chen, H. Y.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Cheng, H. P.

AU - Chu, Q.

AU - Chua, A. J.K.

AU - Chua, S.

AU - Chung, S.

AU - Clark, J. A.

AU - Cooper, S. J.

AU - Costa, C. A.

AU - Cowan, E. E.

AU - Coward, D. M.

AU - Cumming, A.

AU - Cunningham, L.

AU - Danilishin, S. L.

AU - Davies, G. S.

AU - Davis, D.

AU - Day, R.

AU - Degallaix, J.

AU - Douglas, R.

AU - Dwyer, S. E.

AU - Edwards, M. C.

AU - Effler, A.

AU - Evans, M.

AU - Evans, T. M.

AU - Fan, X.

AU - Farr, W. M.

AU - Fisher, R. P.

AU - Fletcher, M.

AU - George, J.

AU - Ghosh, S.

AU - Gras, S.

AU - Gray, C.

AU - Green, A. C.

AU - Guo, X.

AU - Gupta, A.

AU - Gupta, M. K.

AU - Hall, E. D.

AU - Hammond, G.

AU - Hanson, J.

AU - Hart, M. J.

AU - Hartman, M. T.

AU - Heng, I. S.

AU - Henry, J.

AU - Holt, K.

AU - Hopkins, P.

AU - Houston, E. A.

AU - Howell, E. J.

AU - Hu, Y. M.

AU - Iyer, B. R.

AU - Johnson, W. W.

AU - Jones, D. I.

AU - Jones, R.

AU - Ju, L.

AU - Kagawa, T.

AU - Kang, G.

AU - Kaur, T.

AU - Kelley, D. B.

AU - Kennedy, R.

AU - Key, J. S.

AU - Khan, I.

AU - Khan, S.

AU - Khan, Z.

AU - Kim, C.

AU - Kim, H.

AU - Kim, J. C.

AU - Kim, Y. M.

AU - King, E. J.

AU - King, P. J.

AU - Kumar, P.

AU - Kumar, Rakesh

AU - Kuo, L.

AU - Lang, R. N.

AU - Lange, J.

AU - Lasky, P. D.

AU - Lee, C. H.

AU - Lee, H. K.

AU - Lee, H. M.

AU - Lee, H. W.

AU - Lee, K.

AU - Leong, J. R.

AU - Li, T. G.F.

AU - Liu, J.

AU - Lynch, R.

AU - Ma, Y.

AU - Macleod, D. M.

AU - Man, N.

AU - Mason, K.

AU - McCarthy, R.

AU - McClelland, D. E.

AU - McGuire, S. C.

AU - McIntyre, G.

AU - McManus, D. J.

AU - McRae, T.

AU - McWilliams, S. T.

AU - Miao, H.

AU - Middleton, H.

AU - Miller, A. L.

AU - Miller, B. B.

AU - Miller, J.

AU - Moore, B. C.

AU - Moore, C. J.

AU - Muir, A. W.

AU - Mukherjee, S.

AU - Murray, P. G.

AU - Napier, K.

AU - Nguyen, T. T.

AU - Oh, S. H.

AU - Oliver, M.

AU - Ono, K.

AU - Ottaway, D. J.

AU - Page, J.

AU - Parker, W.

AU - Powell, J.

AU - Pratt, J. W.W.

AU - Qin, J.

AU - Read, J.

AU - Reid, S.

AU - Robertson, N. A.

AU - Romano, R.

AU - Ryan, K.

AU - Sanders, J. R.

AU - Savage, R. L.

AU - Schmidt, J.

AU - Scott, J.

AU - Scott, S. M.

AU - Singh, A.

AU - Singh, R.

AU - Slagmolen, B. J.J.

AU - Smith, B.

AU - Smith, J. R.

AU - Smith, R. J.E.

AU - Somiya, K.

AU - Spencer, A. P.

AU - Srivastava, A. K.

AU - Stephens, B. C.

AU - Stevenson, S. P.

AU - Stone, R.

AU - Strigin, S. E.

AU - Sun, L.

AU - Sutton, P. J.

AU - Tanaka, K.

AU - Taylor, R.

AU - Thomas, E. G.

AU - Thomas, M.

AU - Thomas, P.

AU - Tiwari, S.

AU - Tse, M.

AU - Tsuzuki, T.

AU - van Heijningen, J. V.

AU - Veitch, P. J.

AU - Vine, D. J.

AU - Vyatchanin, S. P.

AU - Wade, L. E.

AU - Walker, M.

AU - Wallace, L.

AU - Walsh, S.

AU - Wang, G.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Wang, M.

AU - Wang, Y.

AU - Ward, R. L.

AU - Warner, J.

AU - Wei, L. W.

AU - Weinstein, A. J.

AU - Weiss, R.

AU - Wen, L.

AU - Whelan, J. T.

AU - Williams, D.

AU - Williams, R. D.

AU - Williamson, A. R.

AU - Willis, J. L.

AU - Wright, J. L.

AU - Wu, D. S.

AU - Wu, G.

AU - Yamamoto, H.

AU - Yap, M. J.

AU - Yu, Hang

AU - Yu, Haocun

AU - Zhang, L.

AU - Zhang, M.

AU - Zhang, T.

AU - Zhang, Y.

AU - Zhao, C.

AU - Zhou, M.

AU - Zhou, Z.

AU - Zhu, S. J.

AU - Zhu, X. J.

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - We present possible observing scenarios for the Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We estimate the sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron star systems, which are the most promising targets for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90 % credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5–20deg2 requires at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ∼ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. When all detectors, including KAGRA and the third LIGO detector in India, reach design sensitivity, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.

AB - We present possible observing scenarios for the Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We estimate the sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron star systems, which are the most promising targets for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90 % credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5–20deg2 requires at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ∼ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. When all detectors, including KAGRA and the third LIGO detector in India, reach design sensitivity, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.

KW - Data analysis

KW - Electromagnetic counterparts

KW - Gravitational waves

KW - Gravitational-wave detectors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046034556&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s41114-018-0012-9

DO - 10.1007/s41114-018-0012-9

M3 - Review article

VL - 21

JO - Living Reviews in Relativity

JF - Living Reviews in Relativity

SN - 1433-8351

IS - 1

M1 - 3

ER -