Propane CO2 (dry) reforming over bimetallic Mo-Ni/Al2O3 catalyst

Arman Siahvashi, Dean Chesterfield, Adesoji A. Adesina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


An evaluative investigation of propane CO2 reforming over bimetallic alumina supported 5%Mo-10%Ni catalyst has been carried out in a fixed-bed reactor at 0.1MPa and temperatures ranging from 823 to 973K. Temperature-programmed calcination revealed the metal nitrate decomposition of Mo-Ni catalyst at around 475K, while TPR analysis showed the complete reduction of fresh catalyst at 973K. Physicochemical properties of Mo-Ni/Al2O3 catalyst were determined from N2-physisorption, H2-chemisorption, NH3 and CO2-temperature-programmed desorption as well as X-ray diffraction analysis. NH3-TPD analysis revealed that the Mo-Ni/Al2O3 catalyst surface was populated with weak and strong Lewis acid sites, while CO2-TPD showed only one peak assigned to weak Lewis basic site. Increased CO2 partial pressure in feed caused an initial increase in H2, CO, and CO2 reaction rates, peaked at stoichiometric feed ratio (R), CO2:C3H8, of 3 followed by a gentle decrease for R>3. H2:CO and CH4:CO experienced logarithmic decay with increased reactant ratio, while CO:CO2 ratio remained constant at 2. Time-on-stream analysis revealed that Mo-Ni is a stable and active catalyst at different temperatures during propane dry reforming. A global kinetic expression corresponding to carbon deposition was obtained over various feed compositions and temperatures. Post-reaction data from TPR-TPO-TPR-TPO confirmed the presence of at least two carbon pools, Cα and CΒ. The former, atomic carbon is reactive with H2 and the latter, dehydropolymerised and aged carbonaceous matter, is only removed by O2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-325
Number of pages13
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes


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