The analysis of CAGE (Cap Analysis of Gene Expression) time-course has been proposed by the FANTOM5 Consortium to extend the understanding of the sequence of events facilitating cell state transition at the level of promoter regulation. To identify the most prominent transcriptional regulations induced by growth factors in human breast cancer, we apply here the Complexity Invariant Dynamic Time Warping motif EnRichment (CIDER) analysis approach to the CAGE time-course datasets of MCF-7 cells stimulated by epidermal growth factor (EGF) or heregulin (HRG). We identify a multi-level cascade of regulations rooted by the Serum Response Factor (SRF) transcription factor, connecting the MAPK-mediated transduction of the HRG stimulus to the negative regulation of the MAPK pathway by the members of the DUSP family phosphatases. The finding confirms the known primary role of FOS and FOSL1, members of AP-1 family, in shaping gene expression in response to HRG induction. Moreover, we identify a new potential regulation of DUSP5 and RARA (known to antagonize the transcriptional regulation induced by the estrogen receptors) by the activity of the AP-1 complex, specific to HRG response. The results indicate that a divergence in AP-1 regulation determines cellular changes of breast cancer cells stimulated by ERBB receptors.
Mina, M., Magi, S., Jurman, G., Itoh, M., Kawaji, H., Lassmann, T., Arner, E., Forrest, A., Carninci, P., Hayashizaki, Y., Daub, C. O., Okada-Hatakeyama, M., & Furlanello, C. (2015). Promoter-level expression clustering identifies time development of transcriptional regulatory cascades initiated by ERBB receptors in breast cancer cells. Scientific Reports, 5, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep11999