Proliferation and harvesting of secondary protocorms as a novel means for improving propagation of terrestrial orchids

Betty Bustam, Kingsley Dixon, Eric Bunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated optimisation of media and primary-protocorm development stages to enhance secondary-protocorm production as a novel means for propagation of terrestrial orchids, including taxa of conservation concern. Seeds of Caladenia latifolia were germinated asymbiotically on 1/2-strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium fortified with 5% (v/v) coconut water. Resulting protocorms at 3, 5 and 7 weeks of growth were subcultured to protocorm-proliferation media treatments consisting of 1/2-strength MS basal-salts medium with 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) and α- naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) singly or in combination. Conversion of seeds to primary protocorms was high (87-92%). The highest percentage of secondary-protocorm proliferation was 40.1%, using 5-week-old protocorms (early Stage 4 of protocorm development) as explants and cultured on 1/2-strength MS with a combination of 5μM NAA+2μM BA. Half-strength MS media containing a single plant-growth regulator (BA or NAA) were substantially less effective (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)614-621
JournalAustralian Journal of Botany
Volume62
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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