Profile of ocular trauma in the Solomon Islands

M.L. Baker, G.T. Painter, Alex Hewitt, F.M. Amirul Islam, J.L. Szetu, M. Qalo, J.E. Keeffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The objective of this study was to characterize the causes of ocular trauma and determine the risk factors for infection and vision loss following ocular trauma in the Solomon Islands. Design: A prospective clinic-based study. Participants: A total of 507 patients with ocular trauma who were reviewed at the National Referral Hospital in Honiara or one of five provincial eye clinics were included. Methods: An interview-based questionnaire to determine the circumstances of ocular trauma, and an ocular examination to elicit the trauma sustained, infectious sequelae and the visual outcome. Main Outcome Measure: Visual acuity. Results: Males were significantly more likely to have ocular trauma than females (P=0.01). The major cause of ocular trauma in young boys and girls was being poked by a stick, followed by lime burns in young boys. For both genders, physical violence resulted in most injuries across all adult age groups. Microbial keratitis complicated 4.4% of ocular trauma. Monocular vision impairment (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-446
JournalClinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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