Production and quality control of 66Ga as a PET radioisotope

Pejman Rowshan Farzad, Amir Reza Jalilian, Mahsheed Sabet, Mahdi Akhlaghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: 66Ga (t1/2=9.49 h, β+: 4.153 MeV, γ: 511, 834, 1039, 2752 keV) has a wide range of applications in different fields of medical sciences. Production of 66Ga became one of our main interests, according to its increasing applications in nuclear medicine, particularly in PET imaging. Materials and methods: 66Zn (p,n)66Ga reaction was determined as the best choice for the production of 66Ga, according to the present facilities and conditions. The bombardment was performed by 15 MeV protons in Cyclone 30-IBA accelerator with a current intensity of 180 μA for 67 min. ALICE nuclear code and SRIM nuclear program were used to determine the optimum energy and target thickness. Targets were prepared by electroplating of 66Zn (>95%) on a copper backing. Chemical processing was performed by a no carrier added method consisting of ion exchange chromatography and liquid-liquid extraction. Anion exchange chromatography was used for the recovery of target material. Quality control of the product was carried out in two steps of chemical and radionuclidic purity control. Results: The activity of 66Ga was 2.41 Ci at the end of bombardment (E.O.B.) and the production yield was 12.04 mCi/pAh. The chemical separation yield was 93% and the yield of chemical recovery of the target material was 97%. Quality control tests showed a radionuclidic purity of more than 97% and the amounts of chemical impurities were in accordance with standard levels. Discussion: Our production yield was comparable with previous reports given in the literature. The chemical separation method used in this research was simple and brought up acceptable results. So, this process can be considered as one of the best choices for the production of 66Ga.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-158
Number of pages9
JournalIranian Journal of Radiation Research
Volume2
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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