Calcareous soils are frequently typified by a low availability of plant nutrients due to poor solubility of these elements at high pH. Calcicole plants have recently been shown to release organic acids in response to the nutrient deficient conditions prevailing in these soils. It has been speculated, however, that the efficiency of this nutrient mobilization mechanism may be significantly reduced by microbial degradation of the organic acids. In conventional methods, root exudate degradation is typically determined by the addition of 14C-radiolabeled substrates to soil and subsequent tracking of their fate with time by trapping evolved 14CO2 in a strong alkali trap. However, in calcareous soils, 14CO2 and H2 14CO3 produced by microbial decomposition may become trapped as Ca(H14CO3)2. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an experimental procedure for the accurate quantification of 14C-labeled substrate degradation rates in calcareous soils. Conventional methods for determining 14C-labeled substrate decomposition rates in calcareous soils are inaccurate due to incomplete recovery of 14CO2. Up to 49% of the 14CO2 produced during microbial degradation of 14C-labeled organic acids (malate, oxalate, citrate) was trapped as carbonate in this calcareous soil (pH 7.58). For an acid soil (pH 4.32) no detectable amount of 14CO2 was trapped. We describe a simple, accurate, and reliable method, which includes a postincubation HCl addition, for the accurate determination of 14CO2-evolution and substrate degradation in calcareous soils.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Soil Science Society of America Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2001|