Probabilistic forecasting of wind power generation using extreme learning machine

C. Wan, Z. Xu, P. Pinson, Z.Y. Dong, Kitpo Wong

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    542 Citations (Scopus)


    Accurate and reliable forecast of wind power is essential to power system operation and control. However, due to the nonstationarity of wind power series, traditional point forecasting can hardly be accurate, leading to increased uncertainties and risks for system operation. This paper proposes an extreme learning machine (ELM)-based probabilistic forecasting method for wind power generation. To account for the uncertainties in the forecasting results, several bootstrap methods have been compared for modeling the regression uncertainty, based on which the pairs bootstrap method is identified with the best performance. Consequently, a new method for prediction intervals formulation based on the ELM and the pairs bootstrap is developed. Wind power forecasting has been conducted in different seasons using the proposed approach with the historical wind power time series as the inputs alone. The results demonstrate that the proposed method is effective for probabilistic forecasting of wind power generation with a high potential for practical applications in power systems. © 2013 IEEE.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1033-1044
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


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