Primary Immunodeficiency to Pheumococcal Infection Due To A Defect In Toll-Like Receptor Signaling

Andrew Currie, D.J. Davidson, G.S.D. Reid, S. Bharya, K.L. Macdonald, R.S. Devon, D.P. Speert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


ObjectiveThe role of human Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in initiating protective immune responses in vivo is not well understood. We investigated the role of TLR signaling in defense against infection in a 3-year-old boy with a severe defect resulting in recurrent Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia.MethodsAfter classic immunodeficiencies were ruled out, the patient's mononuclear cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells (DCs) were studied. TLR signaling responses to a range of TLR- and interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R)-specific agonists were investigated pre- and posttranscriptionally by measuring NF-κB translocation and cytokine mRNA and protein expression.ResultsThe patient's monocytic cells were profoundly deficient in cytokine production in response to a range of microbial-derived TLR agonists and to recombinant IL-1β or IL-18. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced translocation of NF-κB p50 and p65 and the kinetics of LPS-induced cytokine mRNA transcription were normal except for IL-6 and IL-12p40, which were poorly transcribed. Despite deficient responses to TLR agonists by the patient's DCs and B cells, CD40L responses were normal.ConclusionsWe describe a patient with deficient TLR-mediated cytokine production with intact interleukin receptor-associated kinase (IRAK)-4 expression, NF-κB translocation, and enhanced susceptibility to infection. This patient demonstrates that TLR signaling, in the presence of intact antibody responses, may be a nonredundant requirement for defense against pyogenic infections.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-518
JournalThe Journal of Pediatrics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004


Dive into the research topics of 'Primary Immunodeficiency to Pheumococcal Infection Due To A Defect In Toll-Like Receptor Signaling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this