PRGD/PDLLA conduit potentiates rat sciatic nerve regeneration and the underlying molecular mechanism

B. Li, T. Qiu, Killugudi Iyer, Q. Yan, Y. Yin, L. Xie, X. Wang, S. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Peripheral nerve injury requires optimal conditions in both macro-environment and micro-environment for reestablishment. Though various strategies have been carried out to improve the macro-environment, the underlying molecular mechanism of axon regeneration in the micro-environment provided by nerve conduit remains unclear. In this study, the rat sciatic nerve of 10mm defect was made and bridged by PRGD/PDLLA nerve conduit. We investigated the process of nerve regeneration using histological, functional and real time PCR analyses after implantation from 7 to 35 days. Our data demonstrated that the ciliary neurotrophic factor highly expressed and up-regulated the downstream signaling pathways, in the case of activated signals, the expressions of axon sprout relative proteins, such as tubulin and growth-associated protein-43, were strongly augmented. Taken together, these data suggest a possible mechanism of axon regeneration promoted by PRGD/PDLLA conduit, which created a micro-environment for enhancement of diffusion of neurotrophic factors secreted by the injured nerve stumps, and activation of molecular signal transduction involved in growth cone, to potentiate the nerve recovery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-53
JournalBiomaterials
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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