Prevalence, Pattern, and Correlates of Alcohol Misuse among Male Patients Attending Rural Primary Care in India

Sanghamitra Pati, Subhashisa Swain, S Mohapatra, Mohammad Akhtar Hussain, Sandipana Pati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: There are limited data available on how the problem of alcohol use is detected in primary care setting in India. Particularly in Odisha, it has not been investigated yet. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of drinking, drinking patterns, and quitting behavior among the male patients visiting a primary health-care facility in a district of Odisha. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients attending community health center (CHC), Buguda in the state of Odisha, India, from December 1, 2014, to February 31, 2015. Patients above 18 years of age, conscious, and willing to participate in the study were included in the study, while those with cognitive impairment and critically ill were excluded from the study. All eligible consecutive patients attending outpatient department of CHC were invited to participate while they came out after physician's consultation. A pilot study was conducted prior to the study. Informed verbal consent from each patient was obtained before the interview. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Indian Institute of Public Health, Bhubaneswar. RESULTS: A total of 431 patients were interviewed. Our study showed 38% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 33.5%-42.7%) of respondents were alcoholic and of those 60% (95% CI: 51.4%-66.5%) were hazardous drinkers. One in five patients had a history of alcoholics in their family, and a similar proportion of participants were heavy workers. Smokers were eight times (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] =7.56; 4.03-14.52) more likely to be alcoholics as compared to nonsmokers (P < 0.001), whereas the prevalence of alcohol drinking was four times (AOR = 3.94; 2.25-6.92) higher in smokeless tobacco users compared to nonusers. CONCLUSION: Focusing only on counseling and treatment services will not reduce the piling burden of alcohol use. It is important to target the environment that leads to such habits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-72
JournalJournal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

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India
Primary Health Care
Alcohols
Health
Smokeless Tobacco
Tobacco
Community Health Centers
Public health
Health care
Piles
Alcoholics
Drinking
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Ethics Committees
Health Facilities
Informed Consent
Critical Illness
Alcohol Drinking
Habits

Cite this

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title = "Prevalence, Pattern, and Correlates of Alcohol Misuse among Male Patients Attending Rural Primary Care in India",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: There are limited data available on how the problem of alcohol use is detected in primary care setting in India. Particularly in Odisha, it has not been investigated yet. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of drinking, drinking patterns, and quitting behavior among the male patients visiting a primary health-care facility in a district of Odisha. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients attending community health center (CHC), Buguda in the state of Odisha, India, from December 1, 2014, to February 31, 2015. Patients above 18 years of age, conscious, and willing to participate in the study were included in the study, while those with cognitive impairment and critically ill were excluded from the study. All eligible consecutive patients attending outpatient department of CHC were invited to participate while they came out after physician's consultation. A pilot study was conducted prior to the study. Informed verbal consent from each patient was obtained before the interview. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Indian Institute of Public Health, Bhubaneswar. RESULTS: A total of 431 patients were interviewed. Our study showed 38{\%} (95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 33.5{\%}-42.7{\%}) of respondents were alcoholic and of those 60{\%} (95{\%} CI: 51.4{\%}-66.5{\%}) were hazardous drinkers. One in five patients had a history of alcoholics in their family, and a similar proportion of participants were heavy workers. Smokers were eight times (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] =7.56; 4.03-14.52) more likely to be alcoholics as compared to nonsmokers (P < 0.001), whereas the prevalence of alcohol drinking was four times (AOR = 3.94; 2.25-6.92) higher in smokeless tobacco users compared to nonusers. CONCLUSION: Focusing only on counseling and treatment services will not reduce the piling burden of alcohol use. It is important to target the environment that leads to such habits.",
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Prevalence, Pattern, and Correlates of Alcohol Misuse among Male Patients Attending Rural Primary Care in India. / Pati, Sanghamitra; Swain, Subhashisa; Mohapatra, S; Hussain, Mohammad Akhtar; Pati, Sandipana.

In: Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 1, 01.2017, p. 66-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence, Pattern, and Correlates of Alcohol Misuse among Male Patients Attending Rural Primary Care in India

AU - Pati, Sanghamitra

AU - Swain, Subhashisa

AU - Mohapatra, S

AU - Hussain, Mohammad Akhtar

AU - Pati, Sandipana

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N2 - BACKGROUND: There are limited data available on how the problem of alcohol use is detected in primary care setting in India. Particularly in Odisha, it has not been investigated yet. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of drinking, drinking patterns, and quitting behavior among the male patients visiting a primary health-care facility in a district of Odisha. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients attending community health center (CHC), Buguda in the state of Odisha, India, from December 1, 2014, to February 31, 2015. Patients above 18 years of age, conscious, and willing to participate in the study were included in the study, while those with cognitive impairment and critically ill were excluded from the study. All eligible consecutive patients attending outpatient department of CHC were invited to participate while they came out after physician's consultation. A pilot study was conducted prior to the study. Informed verbal consent from each patient was obtained before the interview. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Indian Institute of Public Health, Bhubaneswar. RESULTS: A total of 431 patients were interviewed. Our study showed 38% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 33.5%-42.7%) of respondents were alcoholic and of those 60% (95% CI: 51.4%-66.5%) were hazardous drinkers. One in five patients had a history of alcoholics in their family, and a similar proportion of participants were heavy workers. Smokers were eight times (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] =7.56; 4.03-14.52) more likely to be alcoholics as compared to nonsmokers (P < 0.001), whereas the prevalence of alcohol drinking was four times (AOR = 3.94; 2.25-6.92) higher in smokeless tobacco users compared to nonusers. CONCLUSION: Focusing only on counseling and treatment services will not reduce the piling burden of alcohol use. It is important to target the environment that leads to such habits.

AB - BACKGROUND: There are limited data available on how the problem of alcohol use is detected in primary care setting in India. Particularly in Odisha, it has not been investigated yet. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of drinking, drinking patterns, and quitting behavior among the male patients visiting a primary health-care facility in a district of Odisha. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients attending community health center (CHC), Buguda in the state of Odisha, India, from December 1, 2014, to February 31, 2015. Patients above 18 years of age, conscious, and willing to participate in the study were included in the study, while those with cognitive impairment and critically ill were excluded from the study. All eligible consecutive patients attending outpatient department of CHC were invited to participate while they came out after physician's consultation. A pilot study was conducted prior to the study. Informed verbal consent from each patient was obtained before the interview. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Indian Institute of Public Health, Bhubaneswar. RESULTS: A total of 431 patients were interviewed. Our study showed 38% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 33.5%-42.7%) of respondents were alcoholic and of those 60% (95% CI: 51.4%-66.5%) were hazardous drinkers. One in five patients had a history of alcoholics in their family, and a similar proportion of participants were heavy workers. Smokers were eight times (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] =7.56; 4.03-14.52) more likely to be alcoholics as compared to nonsmokers (P < 0.001), whereas the prevalence of alcohol drinking was four times (AOR = 3.94; 2.25-6.92) higher in smokeless tobacco users compared to nonusers. CONCLUSION: Focusing only on counseling and treatment services will not reduce the piling burden of alcohol use. It is important to target the environment that leads to such habits.

KW - Alcohol misuse

KW - primary care

KW - hazardous drinking

KW - India

KW - Odisha

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DO - 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_325_16

M3 - Article

VL - 9

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EP - 72

JO - Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences

JF - Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences

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