Prevalence of sexual harassment of nurses and nursing students in China: A meta-analysis of observational studies

Liang Nan Zeng, Qian Qian Zong, Ji Wen Zhang, Li Lu, Feng Rong An, Chee H. Ng, Gabor S. Ungvari, Fang Yu Yang, Teris Cheung, Ligang Chen, Yu Tao Xiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sexual harassment experienced by nurses and nursing students is common and significantly associated with negative consequences. This study is a meta-analysis of the pooled prevalence of sexual harassment of nurses and nursing students in China. Electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science and Ovid, China National Knowledge Internet, WanFang, SinoMed and Chinese VIP Information) were independently and systematically searched by two reviewers from their commencement date to 12 March 2018. Forty-one studies that reported the prevalence of sexual harassment were analyzed using the random-effects model. The pooled prevalence of sexual harassment was 7.5% (95% CI: 5.5%-10.1%), with 7.5% (5.5%-10.2%) in nurses and 7.2% (3.0%-16.2%) in nursing students. Subgroup analyses showed that the year of survey and sample size were significantly associated with the prevalence of sexual harassment, but not the seniority of nursing staff, department, hospital, economic region, timeframe, age, working experience or subtypes of harassment. In China, sexual harassment was found to be common in nurses and nursing students. Considering the significant negative impact of sexual harassment, effective preventive and workplace measures should be developed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-756
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2019

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nursing education
Sexual Harassment
Nursing Students
meta-analysis
observational studies
nurses
Observational Studies
Meta-Analysis
China
student
Nurses
workplace
Hospital Economics
working conditions
electronics
Nursing Staff
PubMed
Workplace
Internet
Sample Size

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Zeng, Liang Nan ; Zong, Qian Qian ; Zhang, Ji Wen ; Lu, Li ; An, Feng Rong ; Ng, Chee H. ; Ungvari, Gabor S. ; Yang, Fang Yu ; Cheung, Teris ; Chen, Ligang ; Xiang, Yu Tao. / Prevalence of sexual harassment of nurses and nursing students in China : A meta-analysis of observational studies. In: International Journal of Biological Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 15, No. 4. pp. 749-756.
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Prevalence of sexual harassment of nurses and nursing students in China : A meta-analysis of observational studies. / Zeng, Liang Nan; Zong, Qian Qian; Zhang, Ji Wen; Lu, Li; An, Feng Rong; Ng, Chee H.; Ungvari, Gabor S.; Yang, Fang Yu; Cheung, Teris; Chen, Ligang; Xiang, Yu Tao.

In: International Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 4, 29.01.2019, p. 749-756.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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