Prevalence of Poor Sleep Quality in Perinatal and Postnatal Women: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

Yuan Yang, Wen Li, Tian-Jiao Ma, Ling Zhang, Brian J. Hall, Gabor S. Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang

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16 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background

Sleep disturbance is common in perinatal and postnatal women, but the epidemiology of sleep problems is highly variable in these populations. This was a meta-analysis that examined the prevalence of poor sleep quality and its correlates among perinatal and postnatal women.

Methods

A systematic search of both international and Chinese databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, CNKI, and Wangfang) was performed. Studies with data on sleep quality measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were included.

Results

Forty-two studies were included for analyses. The prevalence of poor sleep quality was 54.2% (95% CI: 47.9-60.5%) in perinatal and postnatal women, with 44.5% (95% CI: 37.6-51.6%) in perinatal women and 67.2% (95% CI: 57.6-75.5%) in postnatal women. The pooled total PSQI score was 7.54 +/- 0.40 (95% CI: 6.75-8.33), while the average PSQI component scores varied from 0.13 +/- 0.04 for use of sleeping medication to 1.51 +/- 0.17 for habitual sleep efficiency. Maternal age, study site, survey year, comorbidity, PSQI cut-off value, and quality assessment score had significant moderating effects on the prevalence of poor sleep quality.

Conclusion

Given the negative impact of poor sleep quality on health outcomes and well-being, regular screening for poor sleep quality and effective interventions should be conducted for this population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number161
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2020

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