Preparation, characterization and application of a novel solid BrÖnsted acid catalyst SO4 2−/La3+/C for biodiesel production via esterification of oleic acid and methanol

Qing Shu, Guoqiang Tang, Herry Lesmana, Laixi Zou, Daolin Xiong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Waste camellia seed shell was placed in the fluidized bed tubular reactor and carbonized at 700 °C for the preparation of a carbon material. The obtained-carbon material was simultaneously modified by La3+ and concentrated sulfuric acid for the synthesis of a novel solid Brönsted acid catalyst SO4 2−/La3+/C by performing impregnation method. Physical and chemical properties and structural characteristics of the SO4 2−/La3+/C catalyst were characterized and analyzed by several methods. The catalytic activity and stability of SO4 2−/La3+/C were evaluated from the catalytic synthesis of biodiesel via esterification of oleic acid and methanol. The highest conversion of oleic acid was 98.37 wt% when the mass ratio of catalyst/reactant, mass ratio of methanol to oleic acid, reaction temperature and reaction time were fixed at 0.75 wt%, 9:1, 62 °C and 5 h, respectively. Additionally in terms of reusability, the conversion of oleic acid was still 81.9 wt% after SO4 2−/La3+/C catalyst had been recycled for ten times. The high catalytic activity and stability can be ascribed to the formation of a six-coordination bond from the interactions of SO4 2−/La3+, C–OH oxygen of the carboxyl group and H2O. Hence, SO4 2−/La3+/C will exhibit strong Brönsted acidity and keep high stability in a reaction medium with large amount of H2O.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-261
Number of pages9
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume119
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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