Predictors of body mass index and associations with cardiovascular risk factors in Australian children : a prospective cohort study

Valerie Burke, Lawrence Beilin, Karen Simmer, Wendy Oddy, K.V. Blake, Dorota Doherty, G.E. Kendall, John Newnham, Louis Landau, Fiona Stanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine predictors of body mass index (BMI) at the age of 8 y in a prospective study of Australian children. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey of a cohort of Australian children followed from the 16th week of gestation to 8 y. SUBJECTS: In total, 741 boys and 689 girls who attended the survey as 8 y olds. MEASUREMENTS: Weight and height, blood pressure measured by automated oscillometry, fasting blood lipids and glucose. Questionnaire assessment of activity and diet. RESULTS: Proportions of overweight including obesity in boys and girls were, respectively, 22 and 25% at 1 y, 14 and 14% at 3 y, 13 and 18% at 5 y and 15 and 20% at 8 y. At the age of 1, 3, 6 and 8 y, children with overweight including obesity showed significantly more adverse cardiovascular risk factors. Blood pressure (BP) was significantly higher by 2/3 mmHg (systolic/diastolic) at 1 y, 3/2 mmHg at 3 y, 4/2 mmHg at 5 y and 6/2 mmHg at 8 y; HDL was significantly lower (P=0.002) by 8% and triglycerides were significantly higher by 27% (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-23
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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