Background: Chemotherapy can cause premature menopause which may result in adverse effects such as fertility loss, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease and menopausal symptoms. It is thus very important that women are provided with accurate information regarding their risk of premature menopause as a consequence of proposed chemotherapy. Unfortunately, at present there are no reliable tools which can be applied in clinical practice to estimate the risk of premature menopause in women undergoing chemotherapy, beyond age of the patient and form of chemotherapy utilized. Aim: This was a pilot study to determine whether AMH levels pre and during chemotherapy are able to predict for chemotherapy induced menopause, and to assess quality of life and menopausal symptoms. Methods and results: Premenopausal women between 18 to 45 who were planned to undergo gonadotoxic chemotherapy with curative intent for either breast cancer or haematologic malignancy were recruited from a single centre. AMH, FSH, LH and oestradiol levels were recorded prior to commencement of therapy, during and following completion of chemotherapy. Menstrual status, menopausal symptoms and quality of life data were collected at baseline and during follow-up. Twenty two women were recruited. The baseline AMH was higher in women who regained menses post-chemotherapy (median 23.1 vs 9.9 pM (P =.06). Menopausal symptoms were significantly higher at 1 year post diagnosis than at baseline however quality of life was similar. Conclusion: AMH may be useful for predicting chemotherapy induced menopause. Further research is still required to determine the place of such testing for patient counselling and management.