In this final of a 5-part Focus Seminar series on precision medicine, we focus on catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). This focus on CPVT allows us to take a “deep dive” and explore the full extent of the precision medicine opportunities for a single cardiovascular condition at a level that was not possible in the preceding articles. As a new paradigm presented in this article, it has become clear that CPVT can occur as either a typical or atypical form. Although there is a degree of overlap between the typical and atypical forms, it is notable that they arise due to different underlying genetic changes, likely exhibiting differing mechanisms of action, and presenting with different phenotypic features. The recognition of these differing forms of CPVT and their different etiologies and mechanisms is an important step toward implementing rapidly emerging precision medicine approaches that will tailor novel therapies to specific gene defects.