Pre-onset risk characteristics for mania among young people at clinical high risk for psychosis

Aswin Ratheesh, Susan M. Cotton, Christopher G. Davey, Ashleigh Lin, Stephen Wood, Hok Pan Yuen, Andreas Bechdolf, Patrick D. McGorry, Alison Yung, Michael Berk, Barnaby Nelson

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Psychosis and mania share conceptual, genetic and clinical features, which suggest the possibility that they have common antecedents. Participants identified to be at-risk for psychosis might also be at-risk for mania. We aimed to identify the rate and predictors of transition to mania in a cohort of youth with clinical or familial risk for psychosis. Methods: Among a cohort of 416 young people with an at-risk mental state for psychosis defined using the Ultra-High-Risk (UHR) criteria, 74.7% were followed up between 5 and 13 years from their baseline assessment. We undertook a matched case-control examination of those who developed mania over the follow-up period compared to those who did not develop mania or psychosis. Transition to mania was determined using either a structured clinical interview, or diagnoses from a state-wide public mental health contact registry. Clinical characteristics and risk factors were examined at baseline using information from structured interviews, clinical file notes, rating scales and unstructured assessments. Results: Eighteen participants developed mania (UHR-Manic transition or UHR-M, 4.3%). In comparison with participants matched on age, gender and baseline-study who developed neither mania nor psychosis, more UHR-M participants had subthreshold manic symptoms or were prescribed antidepressants at baseline. They also had lower global functioning. Discussion: In addition to the UHR criteria, features such as subthreshold manic symptoms and antidepressant use may help identify at-risk groups that predict the onset of mania in addition to transition to psychosis. Presence of manic symptoms may also indicate syndrome specificity early in the prodromal phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-350
Number of pages6
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume192
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

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    Ratheesh, A., Cotton, S. M., Davey, C. G., Lin, A., Wood, S., Yuen, H. P., Bechdolf, A., McGorry, P. D., Yung, A., Berk, M., & Nelson, B. (2018). Pre-onset risk characteristics for mania among young people at clinical high risk for psychosis. Schizophrenia Research, 192, 345-350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2017.04.036