Potentially toxic elements in surface fine dust of residence communities in valley industrial cities

Bo Yu, Xinwei Lu, Lingqing Wang, Tao Liang, Xinyao Fan, Yufan Yang, Kai Lei, Ling Zuo, Peng Fan, Nanthi Bolan, Jörg Rinklebe

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5 Citations (Scopus)


A comprehensive analysis of content, pollution characteristics, health hazard, distribution, and source of some broadly concerned potentially toxic elements (PTEs, Pb, V, Mn, Cr, Ba, Zn, Ni, and Cu) in surface fine dust with particle size <63 μm (SFD63) from residence communities in Xi’an, a representative valley industrial city, was conducted in this research to analyze the quality of environment and influencing factors of valley industrial cities in China. The average contents of Ba (794.1 mg kg−1), Cu (61.3 mg kg−1), Pb (99.9 mg kg−1), Zn (408.1 mgkg−1), Cr (110.0 mg kg−1), and Ni (33.4 mg kg−1) in SFD63 of Xi’an residence communities surpassed their background contents of local soil. The high enrichment-value regions of PTEs were chiefly located in the regions with high traffic flow, high population density, and areas around industries. Zn and Pb had moderate enrichment, and the overall pollution level of PTEs was unpolluted-to-moderate and moderate pollution. Three source categories (including natural geogenic source, industrial anthropogenic source, and mixed anthropogenic source of transportation, residential activities, and construction) were identified as the predominant sources for the PTEs pollution in SFD63, with the contribution levels of 29.9%, 32.4%, and 37.7%, respectively. The assessment of health risks according to Monte Carlo simulation revealed that the 95% of the non-cancer risk of PTEs to residents (the elderly, working people, and children) was less than the threshold of 1, while the probability of cancer risk exceeding the acceptable threshold of 1E-6 was 93.76% for children, 68.61% for the elderly, and67.54% for working people. Industrial source was determined as priority pollution source and Cr was determined as priority pollutant, which should be concerned.
Original languageEnglish
Article number121523
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2023


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