Pore structure and pore size change for tight sandstone treated with supercritical CO2 fluid

Xian Shi, Caiyun Xiao, Hongjian Ni, Qi Gao, Lei Han, Dianshi Xiao, Shu Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of ScCO2 on pore structure should be investigated in order to properly apply supercritical carbon dioxide (ScCO2) fracturing on tight sandstone. ScCO2 treatment was applied to three sets of tight sandstone samples. The pore structure was characterized using a combination of high-pressure mercury intrusion porosimetry and nuclear magnetic resonance. Furthermore, the pore size distribution's multi-fractal dimensions were estimated. After SCCO2 treatment, the number of transitional pores decreased significantly, while the number of mesopores and macropores increased. At all scales, the fractal dimension characteristics indicate that pore structure gets more complicated and heterogeneous. Furthermore, due to their larger contact area, large pores have a higher fractal dimension than small pores. The accumulative pore volume of the calcite-rich group increases and a decreasing trend occurs for the calcite-rare group. The content of calcite sharply decreased while clay, feldspar, and plagioclase content have a slight drop after ScCO2 treatment, which affects the alternation of pore structure. Thus, the accumulative porosity volume and pore connectivity do not always increase after ScCO2 exposure because re-precipitation and fine migration can potentially clog pores and channels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2286-2299
Number of pages14
JournalEnergy Reports
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


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