Industrial and agricultural activities have had extreme consequences for marine and coastal ecosystems. This chapter describes the sources, transport pathways and fate of various terrestrial-based pollutants to demonstrate the diversity of human impacts and the efforts that are being made to understand and mitigate them. Case studies explore the impact of legacy metal and persistent organic pollutants; the impact of excess nutrient loads from agriculture and urban landscapes on estuarine ecosystems; the threat of pathogens; and the spread of microplastics and microfibres. The case studies highlight how extremes contribute to the problems of pollution and associated risks to human health and the health of marine ecosystems.
|Title of host publication||Marine extremes|
|Subtitle of host publication||Ocean safety, marine health and the blue economy|
|Editors||Erika Techera, Gundula Winter|
|Place of Publication||Oxon|
|Number of pages||17|
|Publication status||Published - 14 Jan 2019|