Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine primes mucosal immune responses to pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine booster in Papua New Guinean children

Tilda Orami, Rebecca Ford, Lea Ann Kirkham, Ruth Thornton, Karli Corscadden, Peter C. Richmond, William S. Pomat, Anita H.J. van den Biggelaar, Deborah Lehmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Invasive pneumococcal disease remains a major cause of hospitalization and death in Papua New Guinean (PNG) children. We assessed mucosal IgA and IgG responses in PNG infants vaccinated with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) followed by a pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) booster. Methods: Infants received 7-valent PCV (7vPCV) in a 0–1–2 (neonatal) or 1–2-3-month (infant) schedule, or no 7vPCV (control). At age 9 months all children received 23-valent PPV (23vPPV). IgA and IgG to 7vPCV and non-7vPCV (1, 5, 7F, 19A) serotypes were measured in saliva collected at ages 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10 and 18 months (131 children, 917 samples). Correlations were studied between salivary and serum IgG at 4, 10 and 18 months. Results: Salivary IgA and IgG responses overall declined in the first 9 months. Compared to non-7vPCV recipients, salivary IgA remained higher in 7vPCV recipients for serotypes 4 at 3 months, 6B at 3 months (neonatal), and 14 at 3 (neonatal), 4 and 9 months (infant); and for salivary IgG for serotypes 4 at 3, 4 and 9 months, 6B at 9 months, 14 at 4 (neonatal) and 9 months, 18C at 3, 4, and 9 (infant) months, and 23F at 4 months. Following 23vPPV, salivary 7vPCV-specific IgA and IgG increased in 7vPCV-vaccinated children but not in controls; and salivary IgA against non-PCV serotypes 5 and 7F increased in 7vPCV recipients and non-recipients. Salivary and serum IgG against 7vPCV-serotypes correlated in 7vPCV-vaccinated children at 4 and 10 months of age. Conclusions: PCV may protect high-risk children against pneumococcal colonization and mucosal disease by inducing mucosal antibody responses and priming for mucosal immune memory that results in mucosal immune responses after booster PPV. Saliva can be a convenient alternative sample to serum to study PCV-induced systemic IgG responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7977-7988
JournalVaccine
Volume38
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2020

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