Plasma cholesterol in adults with phenylketonuria

R.A. Williams, Amanda Hooper, Damon Bell, C.D.S. Mamotte, John Burnett

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    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2015 Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia. Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive disorder of phenylalanine (Phe) catabolism resulting from a deficiency of L-phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH). An association between hyperphenylalaninaemia (HPA) and hypocholesterolaemia has been reported in children. However, controversy exists as to whether this is due to the low protein diet or to a disruption to cholesterol biosynthesis inherent to those with PKU. We investigated the relationship between blood Phe and plasma cholesterol in 41 apparently healthy adults with PKU (26 female, 15 male, age 18-57 years, median age 26 years) attending a PKU outpatient clinic at an adult tertiary care hospital. Of these patients, 33 (80%) were compliant with a Phe-restricted diet with amino acid supplementation, whereas eight (20%) were not. The PKU subjects had a mean body mass index (BMI) of 30.3 ± 1.8 kg/m2; 72% were obese, 14% overweight, with only 14% having normal BMI. The mean blood Phe was 1194±522|xmol/L with plasma total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein (apo) B concentrations of 4.3 ± 0.8 mmol/L, 1.6 ± 0.8 mmol/L, 1.2 ± 0.3 mmol/L, 2.3±0.8mmol/L, and 0.83 ±0.21 g/L, respectively. The mean LDL-cholesterol was 19% lower in PKU females than that of 8944 age-matched females from a community population (2.5±0.8mmol/L vs 3.1 ±0.9mmol/L, p
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)134-137
    JournalPathology
    Volume47
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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