Pinning the most stable HxCyOz isomers in space by means of high-level theoretical procedures

Amir Karton, D. Talbi

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Abstract

It has been recently demonstrated that there is a high statistical correlation between the relative energies of isomers and their relative abundances in the interstellar medium (ISM). In the present work we use the high-level W2-F12 thermochemical protocol to obtain accurate isomerization energies for a set of 109 HxCyOz isomers, 18 of which have been observed in the ISM so far. We use our benchmark isomerization energies to (i) rationalize the presence of the isomers that have been detected, and (ii) predict which new isomers are likely to be detected in the future. We find that the energetically most stable isomers of H2C3O (1,2-propadien-1-one), H8C3O (2-propanol), and H 6C3O2 (propanoic acid) have not been observed, despite the fact that higher-energy isomers of these chemical formulas have been detected in the ISM. The dipole moments of these isomers are sufficiently large that these species should be observed using microwave spectroscopy techniques. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-28
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Physics
Volume436-437
Early online date31 Mar 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2014

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