PIN2/3/4 auxin carriers mediate root growth inhibition under conditions of boron deprivation in Arabidopsis

Lin Tao, Hu Zhu, Qiuyu Huang, Xiaoyi Xiao, Ying Luo, Hui Wang, Yalin Li, Xuewen Li, Jiayou Liu, Ján Jásik, Yinglong Chen, Sergey Shabala, František Baluška, Weiming Shi, Lei Shi, Min Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanistic basis by which boron (B) deprivation inhibits root growth via the mediation of root apical auxin transport and distribution remains elusive. This study showed that B deprivation repressed root growth of wild-type Arabidopsis seedlings, which was related to higher auxin accumulation (observed with DII-VENUS and DR5-GFP lines) in B-deprived roots. Boron deprivation elevated the auxin content in the root apex, coinciding with upregulation of the expression levels of auxin biosynthesis-related genes (TAA1, YUC3, YUC9, and NIT1) in shoots, but not in root apices. Phenotyping experiments using auxin transport-related mutants revealed that the PIN2/3/4 carriers are involved in root growth inhibition caused by B deprivation. B deprivation not only upregulated the transcriptional levels of PIN2/3/4, but also restrained the endocytosis of PIN2/3/4 carriers (observed with PIN-Dendra2 lines), resulting in elevated protein levels of PIN2/3/4 in the plasma membrane. Overall, these results suggest that B deprivation not only enhances auxin biosynthesis in shoots by elevating the expression levels of auxin biosynthesis-related genes but also promotes the polar auxin transport from shoots to roots by upregulating the gene expression levels of PIN2/3/4, as well as restraining the endocytosis of PIN2/3/4 carriers, ultimately resulting in auxin accumulation in root apices and root growth inhibition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1376
Number of pages20
JournalPlant Journal
Volume115
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023

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