Phytoremediation of soils contaminated with poly- and per-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS)

Nanthi Bolan, M. B. Kirkham, Vishma Perera, Sonia Mayakaduwage, Anusha Ekanayake, Anushka Upamali Rajapaksha, Hasintha Wijesekara, Prashant Srivastava, Meththika Vithanage

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapterpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Poly- and per-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are synthetic chemicals and reach the terrestrial and aquatic environments through anthropogenic activities. Aqueous, film-forming foam used in firefighting and disposal of solid (e.g., dewatered biosolids) and liquid (e.g., sewage effluent) wastes are major sources of PFAS in soil. Because of the strong chemical and thermal stabilities of PFAS compounds, remediation of PFAS-contaminated substrates, including biowastes, soil, and groundwater, is challenging. In this chapter, remediation of PFAS-contaminated soils, through manipulation of the bioavailability of PFAS, is presented, and special emphasis is given to phytoremediation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCurrent Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Phytoremediation Technology
EditorsPooja Sharma, Ashok Pandey, Huu Hao Ngo
Place of PublicationNetherlands
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780323999076
ISBN (Print)9780323999588
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022


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