Physicochemical interactions of ionic liquids with coal; The viability of ionic liquids for pre-treatments in coal liquefaction

Joshua Cummings, Kalpit Shah, Rob Atkin, Behdad Moghtaderi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three Australian sub-bituminous coals were treated with three different ionic liquids (ILs) at a temperature of 100 °C. The thermal behaviour of these treated coals were compared against raw coals via pyrolysis experiments in a Thermogravimetric Analyser. Morphological comparisons were also made via Scanning Electron Microscopy. Among the studied ILs, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride [Bmim][Cl] was found to perform the most consistently in being able to alter the thermal and morphological properties of most of the coals used. It is posited that this may be due to the large difference in charge density between the delocalised charge of the large bmim cation and the chloride anion which allows this IL to disrupt the cross linked network of coal. It was also found that the interactions of the ionic liquids are coal specific, for instance none of the ionic liquids were able to change the thermal properties of coal A. Moreover, the results indicated that among the studied coals, coal R showed the highest mass loss during pyrolysis in TGA and coal C showed the highest amount of swelling and fragmentation in SEM images. The results displayed in this study indicate that the potential for ionic liquids to be used as pre-treatments in coal liquefaction is promising. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-252
Number of pages9
JournalFuel
Volume143
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes

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