This article presents the fundamental principles associated with the physical modeling of geotechnical problems, with an emphasis on the performance and design of offshore foundations systems. The similitude principles necessary for reduced scale modeling of an offshore foundation to exhibit an identical behavior to the full‐scale structure it represents are discussed. The necessity of achieving an identical stress state between the model and the prototype is demonstrated, leading to the development of centrifuge modeling. Centrifuge technology, including model preparation, instrumentation, data acquisition, and motion control, is presented, and an example application related to pipeline soil interaction during laying is discussed.
|Title of host publication||Encyclopaedia of Marine and Offshore Engineering|
|Editors||John Carlton, Paul Jukes, Choo Yoo Sang|
|Place of Publication||United States|
|Publisher||John Wiley & Sons|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Apr 2017|