Physical dormancy in the endemic Australian genus Stylobasium, a first report for the family Surianaceae (Fabales)

J.M. Baskin, C.C. Baskin, Kingsley Dixon

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    39 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The intact germination unit [seed+endocarp, (‘seed’)] of the two species of the Australian endemic genus Stylobasium (Surianaceae, Fabales) is water impermeable. Thus, the seed does not imbibe water or germinate until the integrity of the endocarp, which contains an outer layer of palisade cells, is disrupted. In this study, intact seeds of S. australe and of S. spathulatum, incubated on a moist substrate (for up to 2 years), did not imbibe water, whereas those that were mechanically scarified (both species), or dipped in boiling water for 30 s (S. spathulatum), imbibed and germinated. Thus, seeds of Stylobasium species have physical dormancy (PY). This is the first report of PY in Surianaceae, making it only the sixteenth family of angiosperms (no gymnosperms) in which this class of seed dormancy has been identified.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)229-232
    JournalSeed Science Research
    Volume16
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

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