Physical activity behaviour of dog owners: Development and reliability of the Dogs and Physical Activity (DAPA) tool

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Background: This study aimed to develop a reliable instrument, the Dogs and Physical Activity (DAPA) tool, for measuring important attributes and scales relating to the dog-walking behavior of dog owners. Methods: Items measuring dog-specific individual, social environmental, physical environmental, and policy-related factors that affect dog owners' walking with their dogs were assessed for test-retest reliability. Factor analysis was undertaken to demonstrate that the collection of test items had underlying constructs consistent with the theoretical framework. Results: DAPA-tool items had test-retest reliability scores >.7, indicating a high level of stability. Distinct general and dog-specific constructs of subscales measuring dog-supportive features of parks, bathers to dog walking, and behavioral beliefs about the outcomes of regular dog walking were demonstrated through factor analysis. Conclusions: The DAPA tool is the first comprehensive, reliable tool for measuring important attributes and scales relating to dog owners' physical activity and the context-specific factors that affect owners' walking with their dogs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S73-S89
JournalJournal of Physical Activity & Health
Issue numberSupp. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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