Physical activity and amyloid-β plasma and brain levels: Results from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study of Ageing

Belinda Brown, J.J. Peiffer, K. Taddei, J.K. Lui, S.M. Laws, V.B. Gupta, T. Taddei, Vanessa Ward, M.A. Rodrigues, S.C. Burnham, S.R. Rainey-Smith, V.L. Villemagne, A.I. Bush, K.A. Ellis, C.L. Masters, D.J. Ames, S.L. Macaulay, C.E.I. Szoeke, C.C. Rowe, Ralph Martins

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Abstract

Previous studies suggest physical activity improves cognition and lowers Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk. However, key AD pathogenic factors that are thought to be influenced by physical activity, particularly plasma amyloid-β (Aβ) and Aβ brain load, have yet to be thoroughly investigated. The objective of this study was to determine if plasma Aβ and amyloid brain deposition are associated with physical activity levels, and whether these associations differed between carriers and non-carriers of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele. Five-hundred and forty six cognitively intact participants (aged 60-95 years) from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study of Ageing (AIBL) were included in these analyses. Habitual physical activity levels were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Serum insulin, glucose, cholesterol and plasma Aβ levels were measured in fasting blood samples. A subgroup (n=116) underwent 11 C-Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) positron emission tomography (PET) scanning to quantify brain amyloid load. Higher levels of physical activity were associated with higher high density lipoprotein (HDL) (P=0.037), and lower insulin (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-881
JournalMolecular Psychiatry
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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    Brown, B., Peiffer, J. J., Taddei, K., Lui, J. K., Laws, S. M., Gupta, V. B., Taddei, T., Ward, V., Rodrigues, M. A., Burnham, S. C., Rainey-Smith, S. R., Villemagne, V. L., Bush, A. I., Ellis, K. A., Masters, C. L., Ames, D. J., Macaulay, S. L., Szoeke, C. E. I., Rowe, C. C., & Martins, R. (2013). Physical activity and amyloid-β plasma and brain levels: Results from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study of Ageing. Molecular Psychiatry, 18(8), 875-881. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2012.107