© 2014 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. Gastropods are a highly diverse clade of molluscs that includes many familiar animals, such as limpets, snails, slugs and sea slugs. It is one of the most abundant groups of animals in the sea and the only molluscan lineage that has successfully colonized land. Yet the relationships among and within its constituent clades have remained in flux for over a century ofmorphological, anatomical andmolecular study. Here,we re-evaluate gastropod phylogenetic relationships by collecting new transcriptome data for 40 species and analysing themin combination with publicly available genomes and transcriptomes. Our datasets include all five main gastropod clades: Patellogastropoda, Vetigastropoda, Neritimorpha, Caenogastropoda and Heterobranchia. We use two different methods to assign orthology, subsample each of these matrices into three increasingly dense subsets, and analyse all six of these supermatrices with two different models of molecular evolution. All 12 analyses yield the same unrooted network connecting the five major gastropod lineages. This reduces deep gastropod phylogeny to three alternative rooting hypotheses. These results reject the prevalent hypothesis of gastropod phylogeny, Orthogastropoda. Our dated tree is congruentwith a possible end-Permian recovery of somegastropod clades, namely Caenogastropoda and some Heterobranchia subclades.
|Journal||Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|