Acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema as the first presentation of pheochromocytoma is uncommon and usually rapidly fatal. A 39-yr-old man presented in acute cardiogenic shock with global ventricular dysfunction that required high-dose iv inotrope support and an intraaortic balloon pump assist device. Abdominal imaging to exclude aortic dissection revealed a 6-cm right adrenal mass. Significant myocardial infarction (electrocardiographic changes and elevated cardiac enzymes) contributed to the cardiac decompensation. After withdrawal of inotrope support, 24-h urinary catecholamine levels revealed 2155 nmol/d (<125) of adrenaline and 7437 nmol/d (<560) of noradrenaline, confirming a pheochromocytoma. The tumor was successfully removed at laparotomy; however, the patient's course was complicated by a thromboembolic cerebrovascular accident with paraplegia. He recovered cardiac function almost completely within 3 wk of medical therapy alone. Although uncommon, this case highlights the need to consider pheochromocytoma early in the management of unexplained cardiogenic shock.