Pharmacokinetic and safety considerations when switching from standard to extended half-life clotting factor concentrates in hemophilia

Massimo Morfini, Albert Farrugia

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Introduction: Plenty of new FVIII/IX concentrates have been developed and entered the market of hemophilia treatment. Others are going to end the long/demanding procedures for approval. Changes of the FVIII molecule (single chain), pegylation of B-domain deleted FVIII, and fusion with Fc succeeded to improve the FVIII half-life, about 4 hours. Pegylation and fusion with albumin or Fc of rFIX caused a substantial increase of half-life, approximately 3-4 times that of FIX standard concentrates. Area covered: Extended Half-life concentrates may allow a longer time interval between the prophylaxis bolus, a feature very well accepted by young patients. Also, adherence of adolescents can be improved by these new, less demanding, concentrates. The immunogenicity of these new molecules is so far under post-marketing evaluation. The incidence of neutralizing antibodies is very low in previously treated patients, but the data on previously untreated patients are not yet assessed. The cost of some Extended Half-Life concentrates is higher than that of standard ones, and some concerns have been raised about the cost for public or private health care institutions. Expert opinion: An accurate evaluation of patients' needs, individual pharmacokinetics, and cost/effectiveness might allow a more appropriate usage of these new and expensive concentrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)883-892
Number of pages10
JournalExpert Review of Hematology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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