Research into the toxic effects of antiretroviral therapy has made tremendous progress, particularly over the 5 years since the earliest descriptions of the lipodystrophy syndrome. In particular, the contribution of specific antiretroviral drugs to these toxicity syndromes is becoming clearer, along with their pathophysiological mechanisms. This knowledge can now direct research on host genetic factors that may significantly influence the risk of both short-term and long-term toxicities. At present, the genetic association with abacavir hypersensitivity appears sufficiently strong to consider pharmacogenetic testing in clinical practice, although further corroborative research is still needed. The future will see increasing use of both pharmacogenetics (the genetic basis for variation in the response to specific medications) and immunogenetics (the genetic basis for variation in the response to specific antigens). The identification of an increasing number of genetic associations with drug efficacy/toxicity may, or may not, result in widespread genetic testing, but it will certainly increase our understanding of the mechanisms of both desirable and adverse drug effects and inform drug development.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of HIV Therapy|
|Publication status||Published - May 2003|