Perturbations of arachidonic acid metabolism in the metabolic syndrome

I-Jung Tsai

    Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

    283 Downloads (Pure)


    [Truncated abstract] Arachidonic acid is oxidised in vivo by non-enzymatic (free radical) or enzymatic pathways (cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase, and cytochrome P450) to form a range of biologically active eicosanoids. Specifically, arachidonic acid is metabolised by cytochrome P450 -hydroxylase to produce vasoactive 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), and by 5-lipoxygenase to produce proinflammatory leukotriene B4 (LTB4), which can further be metabolised by -hydroxylase to from 20-OH-LTB4 and 20-COOH-LTB4. F2-Isoprostanes (F2-IsoPs) are produced through free radical attack on arachidonic acid and have been recognised as the most reliable markers of lipid peroxidation in vivo. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterised by abdominal obesity, hypertension, insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, and dyslipidemia. It is associated with low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress and an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Dietary weight loss is strongly recommended for the management of the MetS and can potentially minimise the risk of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes in individuals with the MetS. Little is known regarding the role of these arachidonic acid metabolites in the MetS and the effect of weight loss on their metabolism. Chapter three comprised of three in vitro studies aimed to examine 20-HETE synthesis in human blood cells. 20-HETE acts as a second messenger for vasoconstrictor actions of angiotensin II (Ang II) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in renal and mesenteric beds. Human neutrophils and platelets are integral to the inflammatory process. ... Production of LTB4 and 20-OH-LTB4 was significantly lower compared with controls (P
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Publication statusUnpublished - 2009


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