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Objectives: Children with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) from different ethnic backgrounds are growing in proportion in clinical practice and tend to have a higher risk of poor health outcomes. The study aimed to investigate the perspectives of culturally and linguistically diverse families in the management of children with T1D in Western Australia. Design: A generic qualitative approach was used. Families of children and adolescents with T1D with first-generation African, Asian or Middle Eastern background were invited to participate in a semi-structured interview. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed and analysed thematically. Demographic, clinical and socio-economic data were collected from all participants. Results: Fifteen families (27% African, 33% Middle Eastern, 40% Asian) participated in the study. The mean (SD) age of the child with T1D was 10.2 (5.1) years, had diabetes for 2.9 (1.6) years and an average HbA1c of 67 (15) mmol/mol. Four main themes were identified through qualitative analysis. ‘Dietary challenges’: lack of adequate food resources posed a barrier to determine carbohydrate amount in traditional meals; ‘Linguistic challenges’: inadequate reading and language skills affected comprehension of written information and the desire for pictorial resources was reported; ‘Limited Support’: absence of extended family made management of T1D difficult; and ‘Knowledge’: a key facilitator, which was acquired through clinic education, enabled families to develop skills to effectively manage T1D. Conclusion: The study highlights the need to consider cultural diversity, psychosocial needs, English proficiency and health literacy when assessing and planning diabetes education. These findings will be useful to formulate a more culturally sensitive approach to diabetes education to improve care and outcomes for young people with T1D from culturally and linguistically diverse families.
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- 1 Finished
1/01/15 → 30/04/21