Peridotite weathering is the missing ingredient of Earth's continental crust composition

Andreas Beinlich, Håkon Austrheim, Vasileios Mavromatis, Ben Grguric, Christine V. Putnis, Andrew Putnis

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The chemical composition of the continental crust cannot be adequately explained by current models for its formation, because it is too rich in Ni and Cr compared to that which can be generated by any of the proposed mechanisms. Estimates of the crust composition are derived from average sediment, while crustal growth is ascribed to amalgamation of differentiated magmatic rocks at continental margins. Here we show that chemical weathering of Ni- and Cr-rich, undifferentiated ultramafic rock equivalent to ~1.3 wt% of today's continental crust compensates for low Ni and Cr in formation models of the continental crust. Ultramafic rock weathering produces a residual that is enriched in Ni and also silica. In the light of potentially large volumes of ultramafic rock and high atmospheric CO2 concentrations during the Archean, chemical weathering must therefore have played a major role in forming compositionally evolved components of the early Earth's crust.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number634
    JournalNature Communications
    Volume9
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

    Fingerprint

    peridotite
    weathering
    Weathering
    ingredients
    Silicon Dioxide
    crusts
    Earth (planet)
    Rocks
    rocks
    Growth
    Chemical analysis
    Earth crust
    continental shelves
    Sediments
    chemical composition
    sediments
    silicon dioxide
    estimates

    Cite this

    Beinlich, Andreas ; Austrheim, Håkon ; Mavromatis, Vasileios ; Grguric, Ben ; Putnis, Christine V. ; Putnis, Andrew. / Peridotite weathering is the missing ingredient of Earth's continental crust composition. In: Nature Communications. 2018 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
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    abstract = "The chemical composition of the continental crust cannot be adequately explained by current models for its formation, because it is too rich in Ni and Cr compared to that which can be generated by any of the proposed mechanisms. Estimates of the crust composition are derived from average sediment, while crustal growth is ascribed to amalgamation of differentiated magmatic rocks at continental margins. Here we show that chemical weathering of Ni- and Cr-rich, undifferentiated ultramafic rock equivalent to ~1.3 wt{\%} of today's continental crust compensates for low Ni and Cr in formation models of the continental crust. Ultramafic rock weathering produces a residual that is enriched in Ni and also silica. In the light of potentially large volumes of ultramafic rock and high atmospheric CO2 concentrations during the Archean, chemical weathering must therefore have played a major role in forming compositionally evolved components of the early Earth's crust.",
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    Peridotite weathering is the missing ingredient of Earth's continental crust composition. / Beinlich, Andreas; Austrheim, Håkon; Mavromatis, Vasileios; Grguric, Ben; Putnis, Christine V.; Putnis, Andrew.

    In: Nature Communications, Vol. 9, No. 1, 634, 01.12.2018.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Beinlich, Andreas

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    AU - Mavromatis, Vasileios

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    AU - Putnis, Christine V.

    AU - Putnis, Andrew

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