Pergaulan bebas and gendered youth culture in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Tracy Wright Webster

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

Abstract

[Truncated abstract] In contemporary Indonesia there is a moral panic about the behaviour of young people. This moral panic identifies the issue as one of pergaulan bebas (literally, free socialising). Pergaulan bebas is also the issue of greatest concern to Indonesian youth. It can be defined as social interactions and behaviours deemed ‘outside of the norms of society’ or ‘free of rules’. Pergaulan bebas is a negative, condemnatory discourse, used to express disapproval of a range of behaviours carried out by young people. Behaviours considered pergaulan bebas include premarital sex, alcohol and drug consumption, clubbing, consumption of pornography and cybersex, smoking, going out at night and gang fighting. Since many of these behaviours, in particular premarital sex, alcohol use, smoking and going out at night, are condoned for male youth, the discourse of pergaulan bebas settles most heavily on young women. This discourse reinforces existing socio-sexual and spatial taboos for female bodies in new and arguably sinister ways. This is particularly so in the context of dramatic global technological and market changes. As a social discourse played out on ever-younger gendered, sexed bodies, the discourse of pergaulan bebas requires negotiation by youth, whether or not they practise the behaviours implied in pergaulan bebas, for all youth are constructed as ‘at risk’. Since the demise of the New Order in 1998, the Indonesian nation-state has been experiencing an existential crisis.
LanguageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
StateUnpublished - 2010

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youth culture
Indonesia
discourse
smoking
alcohol
pornography
social behavior
nation state
drug
market
interaction

Cite this

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title = "Pergaulan bebas and gendered youth culture in Yogyakarta, Indonesia",
abstract = "[Truncated abstract] In contemporary Indonesia there is a moral panic about the behaviour of young people. This moral panic identifies the issue as one of pergaulan bebas (literally, free socialising). Pergaulan bebas is also the issue of greatest concern to Indonesian youth. It can be defined as social interactions and behaviours deemed ‘outside of the norms of society’ or ‘free of rules’. Pergaulan bebas is a negative, condemnatory discourse, used to express disapproval of a range of behaviours carried out by young people. Behaviours considered pergaulan bebas include premarital sex, alcohol and drug consumption, clubbing, consumption of pornography and cybersex, smoking, going out at night and gang fighting. Since many of these behaviours, in particular premarital sex, alcohol use, smoking and going out at night, are condoned for male youth, the discourse of pergaulan bebas settles most heavily on young women. This discourse reinforces existing socio-sexual and spatial taboos for female bodies in new and arguably sinister ways. This is particularly so in the context of dramatic global technological and market changes. As a social discourse played out on ever-younger gendered, sexed bodies, the discourse of pergaulan bebas requires negotiation by youth, whether or not they practise the behaviours implied in pergaulan bebas, for all youth are constructed as ‘at risk’. Since the demise of the New Order in 1998, the Indonesian nation-state has been experiencing an existential crisis.",
keywords = "Youth, Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Sexual behavior, Mass media, Influence, Mass media and youth, Yogyakarta (Indonesia), Civilization, Pergaulan bebas, Gender, Youth culture",
author = "{Wright Webster}, Tracy",
note = "Restricted access until December, 2012. No one to access",
year = "2010",
language = "English",

}

Wright Webster, T 2010, 'Pergaulan bebas and gendered youth culture in Yogyakarta, Indonesia', Doctor of Philosophy.

Pergaulan bebas and gendered youth culture in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. / Wright Webster, Tracy.

2010.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

TY - THES

T1 - Pergaulan bebas and gendered youth culture in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

AU - Wright Webster,Tracy

N1 - Restricted access until December, 2012. No one to access

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - [Truncated abstract] In contemporary Indonesia there is a moral panic about the behaviour of young people. This moral panic identifies the issue as one of pergaulan bebas (literally, free socialising). Pergaulan bebas is also the issue of greatest concern to Indonesian youth. It can be defined as social interactions and behaviours deemed ‘outside of the norms of society’ or ‘free of rules’. Pergaulan bebas is a negative, condemnatory discourse, used to express disapproval of a range of behaviours carried out by young people. Behaviours considered pergaulan bebas include premarital sex, alcohol and drug consumption, clubbing, consumption of pornography and cybersex, smoking, going out at night and gang fighting. Since many of these behaviours, in particular premarital sex, alcohol use, smoking and going out at night, are condoned for male youth, the discourse of pergaulan bebas settles most heavily on young women. This discourse reinforces existing socio-sexual and spatial taboos for female bodies in new and arguably sinister ways. This is particularly so in the context of dramatic global technological and market changes. As a social discourse played out on ever-younger gendered, sexed bodies, the discourse of pergaulan bebas requires negotiation by youth, whether or not they practise the behaviours implied in pergaulan bebas, for all youth are constructed as ‘at risk’. Since the demise of the New Order in 1998, the Indonesian nation-state has been experiencing an existential crisis.

AB - [Truncated abstract] In contemporary Indonesia there is a moral panic about the behaviour of young people. This moral panic identifies the issue as one of pergaulan bebas (literally, free socialising). Pergaulan bebas is also the issue of greatest concern to Indonesian youth. It can be defined as social interactions and behaviours deemed ‘outside of the norms of society’ or ‘free of rules’. Pergaulan bebas is a negative, condemnatory discourse, used to express disapproval of a range of behaviours carried out by young people. Behaviours considered pergaulan bebas include premarital sex, alcohol and drug consumption, clubbing, consumption of pornography and cybersex, smoking, going out at night and gang fighting. Since many of these behaviours, in particular premarital sex, alcohol use, smoking and going out at night, are condoned for male youth, the discourse of pergaulan bebas settles most heavily on young women. This discourse reinforces existing socio-sexual and spatial taboos for female bodies in new and arguably sinister ways. This is particularly so in the context of dramatic global technological and market changes. As a social discourse played out on ever-younger gendered, sexed bodies, the discourse of pergaulan bebas requires negotiation by youth, whether or not they practise the behaviours implied in pergaulan bebas, for all youth are constructed as ‘at risk’. Since the demise of the New Order in 1998, the Indonesian nation-state has been experiencing an existential crisis.

KW - Youth

KW - Indonesia

KW - Yogyakarta

KW - Sexual behavior

KW - Mass media

KW - Influence

KW - Mass media and youth

KW - Yogyakarta (Indonesia)

KW - Civilization

KW - Pergaulan bebas

KW - Gender

KW - Youth culture

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

ER -