Performance of variously shaped glass-fibre-reinforced polymer bars in concrete columns

Afaq Ahmad, Mohamed Elchalakani, Muhammad Iqbal, Yimou Huang, Guowei Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An investigation was carried out into the structural performance of concrete columns reinforced with various shapes of glass-fibre-reinforced polymer bars and stainless-steel stirrups under concentric loading at ultimate limit state. Six square-section columns were cast to investigate the effects of different reinforcement types. The results showed failure modes depended on reinforcement material, shape and stirrup spacing. Across all specimens, steel-reinforced columns had higher loading capacity and better ductile performance, followed by L-shape and then round polymer bars. Smaller spiral spacing increased confinement efficiency and ductility and provided sufficient restraint against longitudinal polymer bar buckling. Finite-element models were also calibrated, and the results were in close agreement with experimental measurements. Based on the calibrated models, numerical parameters were studied to understand further the behavior of composite columns reinforced with glass-fibre-reinforced polymer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Structures and Buildings
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021


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