Performance of an independent planar virtual sound barrier at the opening of a rectangular enclosure

Jiancheng Tao, S. Wang, X. Qiu, Jie Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
326 Downloads (Pure)


© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Planar virtual sound barrier systems have been used successfully to reduce noise radiation through an opening without affecting natural ventilation and lighting. However, the complexity of a fully coupled control system grows at the rate proportional to the square of the number of channels and this make the system implementation become impractical for enclosures with large openings. To reduce the system complexity, this paper proposes an independent planar virtual sound barrier, which is a multi-channel system consisting of many independent single channel active noise control systems. Each single channel system is "independent" in the sense that the control source output of the system is updated only with the signal from its own error sensor. Based on the analytical model of sound radiation through the opening of a rectangular enclosure, the transfer functions from both primary and control sources are calculated first. Then the noise reduction performance, the stability, and the convergence behavior of both fully coupled and independent planar virtual sound barrier systems are investigated. It is found that the independent system with no control output constraint becomes inherently unstable at some frequencies; however its stability can be improved by applying some control output constraint. Reducing the number of channels and the distance between secondary loudspeakers and error microphones can also increase system stability but at the cost of smaller noise reduction. When the system is inherently stable and there is no constraint on control output, the independent system can provide the same noise reduction as the fully coupled one but with faster convergence speed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-223
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Acoustics
Early online date30 Dec 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016


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