Perfectionism is associated with higher eating disorder symptoms and lower remission in children and adolescents diagnosed with eating disorders

Jack Johnston, Chloe Y. Shu, Kimberley J. Hoiles, Patrick J.F. Clarke, Hunna J. Watson, Patrick D. Dunlop, Sarah J. Egan

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Abstract

Objective: The link between perfectionism and eating disorders is well established in adults, however little research has been conducted in children and adolescents. The aim was to examine if perfectionism was a predictor of eating disorder symptoms at intake assessment, and 6 and 12 month review. Method: There were 175 children and adolescents aged 10–17 years (M = 14.47 years, SD = 1.31) who were assessed using the Eating Disorders Inventory-3 perfectionism subscale and the child adapted Eating Disorders Examination at intake, 6 and 12 months review. Results: There was a significant association between perfectionism and symptoms of eating disorders at intake assessment and at 6 and 12 month review. Higher perfectionism at intake predicted a lower likelihood of remission at 12 months. Discussion: The findings suggest that similar to adult samples, perfectionism is significantly associated with eating disorder symptoms in children and adolescents. Further research is required to examine the impact of perfectionism on eating disorder symptoms in longitudinal research with children and adolescents with eating disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
JournalEating Behaviors
Volume30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

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title = "Perfectionism is associated with higher eating disorder symptoms and lower remission in children and adolescents diagnosed with eating disorders",
abstract = "Objective: The link between perfectionism and eating disorders is well established in adults, however little research has been conducted in children and adolescents. The aim was to examine if perfectionism was a predictor of eating disorder symptoms at intake assessment, and 6 and 12 month review. Method: There were 175 children and adolescents aged 10–17 years (M = 14.47 years, SD = 1.31) who were assessed using the Eating Disorders Inventory-3 perfectionism subscale and the child adapted Eating Disorders Examination at intake, 6 and 12 months review. Results: There was a significant association between perfectionism and symptoms of eating disorders at intake assessment and at 6 and 12 month review. Higher perfectionism at intake predicted a lower likelihood of remission at 12 months. Discussion: The findings suggest that similar to adult samples, perfectionism is significantly associated with eating disorder symptoms in children and adolescents. Further research is required to examine the impact of perfectionism on eating disorder symptoms in longitudinal research with children and adolescents with eating disorders.",
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author = "Jack Johnston and Shu, {Chloe Y.} and Hoiles, {Kimberley J.} and Clarke, {Patrick J.F.} and Watson, {Hunna J.} and Dunlop, {Patrick D.} and Egan, {Sarah J.}",
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Perfectionism is associated with higher eating disorder symptoms and lower remission in children and adolescents diagnosed with eating disorders. / Johnston, Jack; Shu, Chloe Y.; Hoiles, Kimberley J.; Clarke, Patrick J.F.; Watson, Hunna J.; Dunlop, Patrick D.; Egan, Sarah J.

In: Eating Behaviors, Vol. 30, 01.08.2018, p. 55-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Johnston, Jack

AU - Shu, Chloe Y.

AU - Hoiles, Kimberley J.

AU - Clarke, Patrick J.F.

AU - Watson, Hunna J.

AU - Dunlop, Patrick D.

AU - Egan, Sarah J.

PY - 2018/8/1

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N2 - Objective: The link between perfectionism and eating disorders is well established in adults, however little research has been conducted in children and adolescents. The aim was to examine if perfectionism was a predictor of eating disorder symptoms at intake assessment, and 6 and 12 month review. Method: There were 175 children and adolescents aged 10–17 years (M = 14.47 years, SD = 1.31) who were assessed using the Eating Disorders Inventory-3 perfectionism subscale and the child adapted Eating Disorders Examination at intake, 6 and 12 months review. Results: There was a significant association between perfectionism and symptoms of eating disorders at intake assessment and at 6 and 12 month review. Higher perfectionism at intake predicted a lower likelihood of remission at 12 months. Discussion: The findings suggest that similar to adult samples, perfectionism is significantly associated with eating disorder symptoms in children and adolescents. Further research is required to examine the impact of perfectionism on eating disorder symptoms in longitudinal research with children and adolescents with eating disorders.

AB - Objective: The link between perfectionism and eating disorders is well established in adults, however little research has been conducted in children and adolescents. The aim was to examine if perfectionism was a predictor of eating disorder symptoms at intake assessment, and 6 and 12 month review. Method: There were 175 children and adolescents aged 10–17 years (M = 14.47 years, SD = 1.31) who were assessed using the Eating Disorders Inventory-3 perfectionism subscale and the child adapted Eating Disorders Examination at intake, 6 and 12 months review. Results: There was a significant association between perfectionism and symptoms of eating disorders at intake assessment and at 6 and 12 month review. Higher perfectionism at intake predicted a lower likelihood of remission at 12 months. Discussion: The findings suggest that similar to adult samples, perfectionism is significantly associated with eating disorder symptoms in children and adolescents. Further research is required to examine the impact of perfectionism on eating disorder symptoms in longitudinal research with children and adolescents with eating disorders.

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