Purpose: To investigate the characteristics that distinguish responders from nonresponders to ground-based walking training (GBWT) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: An analysis was undertaken of data collected during a trial of GBWT in people with COPD. Responders to GBWT were defined in 2 ways: (1) improved time on the endurance shuttle walk test of >= 190 sec (criterion A); or (2) improved ability to walk, perceived by the participant to be at least "moderate" (criterion B). Differences in participant characteristics, pre-training exercise capacity, health-related quality of life, and the improvement in the distance walked during the training program were examined between responders and nonresponders. Results: Of the 95 participants randomized to GBWT (age 69 +/- 8 yr, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec [FEV1] % predicted = 43% +/- 15%), data were available for analysis on 78 and 73 patients by criterion A and criterion B, respectively. According to criterion A, 32 (41%) participants were responders. The odds of being a responder increased with increasing FEV1 % predicted (OR = 1.2; 95% CI, 1.0-1.5, for every 5% increase) and increased with decreasing pre-training incremental shuttle walk distance (OR = 1.4; 95% CI, 1.0-1.8, for every 50-m decrement). According to criterion B, 42 (58%) participants were responders. There were no differences in characteristics or pre-training measures between the responders and nonresponders. For both criteria, responders demonstrated greater change in the distance walked during the training program (P <.05). Conclusion: Responders to GBWT had lower pre-training exercise capacity, had better lung function, and demonstrated greater change in the distance walked during the training program.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sept 2019|