PEEP and CPAP

A W Duncan, T E Oh, D R Hillman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) maintains airway pressure above atmospheric at the end of expiration, and may be used with mechanical ventilation or spontaneous breathing. CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure, refers to spontaneous ventilation with a positive airway pressure being maintained throughout the whole respiratory cycle. PEEP/CPAP primarily improves oxygenation by increasing functional residual capacity, and may increase lung compliance and decrease the work of breathing. PEEP/CPAP may be applied using endotracheal tubes, nasal masks or prongs, or face masks or chambers to treat a wide range of adult and paediatric respiratory disorders. Complications associated with their use relate to the pressures applied and include pulmonary barotrauma, decreased cardiac output and raised intracranial pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-50
Number of pages15
JournalAnaesthesia and Intensive Care
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1986

Fingerprint

Positive-Pressure Respiration
Masks
Work of Breathing
Barotrauma
Lung Compliance
Functional Residual Capacity
Pressure
Atmospheric Pressure
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Intracranial Pressure
Nose
Artificial Respiration
Cardiac Output
Ventilation
Respiration
Pediatrics
Lung

Cite this

Duncan, A W ; Oh, T E ; Hillman, D R. / PEEP and CPAP. In: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. 1986 ; Vol. 14, No. 3. pp. 236-50.
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abstract = "Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) maintains airway pressure above atmospheric at the end of expiration, and may be used with mechanical ventilation or spontaneous breathing. CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure, refers to spontaneous ventilation with a positive airway pressure being maintained throughout the whole respiratory cycle. PEEP/CPAP primarily improves oxygenation by increasing functional residual capacity, and may increase lung compliance and decrease the work of breathing. PEEP/CPAP may be applied using endotracheal tubes, nasal masks or prongs, or face masks or chambers to treat a wide range of adult and paediatric respiratory disorders. Complications associated with their use relate to the pressures applied and include pulmonary barotrauma, decreased cardiac output and raised intracranial pressure.",
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PEEP and CPAP. / Duncan, A W; Oh, T E; Hillman, D R.

In: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Vol. 14, No. 3, 08.1986, p. 236-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - PEEP and CPAP

AU - Duncan, A W

AU - Oh, T E

AU - Hillman, D R

PY - 1986/8

Y1 - 1986/8

N2 - Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) maintains airway pressure above atmospheric at the end of expiration, and may be used with mechanical ventilation or spontaneous breathing. CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure, refers to spontaneous ventilation with a positive airway pressure being maintained throughout the whole respiratory cycle. PEEP/CPAP primarily improves oxygenation by increasing functional residual capacity, and may increase lung compliance and decrease the work of breathing. PEEP/CPAP may be applied using endotracheal tubes, nasal masks or prongs, or face masks or chambers to treat a wide range of adult and paediatric respiratory disorders. Complications associated with their use relate to the pressures applied and include pulmonary barotrauma, decreased cardiac output and raised intracranial pressure.

AB - Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) maintains airway pressure above atmospheric at the end of expiration, and may be used with mechanical ventilation or spontaneous breathing. CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure, refers to spontaneous ventilation with a positive airway pressure being maintained throughout the whole respiratory cycle. PEEP/CPAP primarily improves oxygenation by increasing functional residual capacity, and may increase lung compliance and decrease the work of breathing. PEEP/CPAP may be applied using endotracheal tubes, nasal masks or prongs, or face masks or chambers to treat a wide range of adult and paediatric respiratory disorders. Complications associated with their use relate to the pressures applied and include pulmonary barotrauma, decreased cardiac output and raised intracranial pressure.

KW - Airway Resistance

KW - Apnea/therapy

KW - Asthma/therapy

KW - Bronchiolitis, Viral/therapy

KW - Burns, Inhalation/therapy

KW - Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena

KW - Heart Failure/therapy

KW - Humans

KW - Hyaline Membrane Disease/therapy

KW - Infant, Newborn

KW - Intubation

KW - Kidney/physiology

KW - Lung Injury

KW - Pneumonia/therapy

KW - Positive-Pressure Respiration/adverse effects

KW - Postoperative Period

KW - Pulmonary Edema/therapy

KW - Pulmonary Surfactants/metabolism

KW - Respiration

KW - Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult/prevention & control

KW - Sleep Apnea Syndromes/therapy

KW - Terminology as Topic

KW - Ventilators, Mechanical

KW - Work of Breathing

U2 - 10.1177/0310057X8601400304

DO - 10.1177/0310057X8601400304

M3 - Review article

VL - 14

SP - 236

EP - 250

JO - Anaesthesia Intensive Care

JF - Anaesthesia Intensive Care

SN - 0310-057X

IS - 3

ER -