PCV10 elicits Protein D IgG responses in Papua New Guinean children but has no impact on NTHi carriage in the first two years of life

Tasmina Rahman, Camilla de Gier, Tilda Orami, Elke J. Seppanen, Caitlyn M. Granland, Jacinta P. Francis, Audrey Michael, Mition Yoannes, Karli J. Corscadden, Rebecca L. Ford, Kelly M. Martinovich, Peter Jacoby, Anita H.J. van den Biggelaar, Deborah Lehmann, Peter C. Richmond, William S. Pomat, Ruth B. Thornton, Lea Ann S. Kirkham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Nasopharyngeal colonisation with nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is associated with development of infections including pneumonia and otitis media. The 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) uses NTHi Protein D (PD) as a carrier. Papua New Guinean children have exceptionally early and dense NTHi carriage, and high rates of NTHi-associated disease. Vaccination with PCV10 could potentially reduce NTHi carriage and disease in this population by inducing a NTHi PD immune response. Methods: Serum and nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 101 Papua New Guinean children at 1, 4, 9, 10, 23 and 24 months of age. Children received PCV10 (n = 55) or PCV13 (not containing NTHi PD) (n = 46) at 1, 2 and 3 months of age. NTHi carriage density was measured in swabs by qPCR. Serum PD-IgG levels were measured by bead-based immunoassay. Results: Papua New Guinean children did naturally develop PD-IgG antibodies whose levels were increased at 4 months of age with PCV10 vaccination at 1–2-3 months. Despite this, most children were colonised with NTHi by 4 months of age (~95%) regardless of being vaccinated with PCV10 or PCV13, and PCV10 had no impact on NTHi carriage density. Conclusion: Early vaccination of infants with PCV10 elicited a robust PD antibody response but this had no impact on NTHi carriage. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov CTN NCT01619462.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3486-3492
Number of pages7
JournalVaccine
Volume39
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2021

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