PCSK9 inhibition with alirocumab decreases plasma lipoprotein(a) concentration by a dual mechanism of action in statin‐treated patients with very high apolipoprotein(a) concentration

Qidi Ying, Dick C Chan, Jing Pang, Santica M Marcovina, P Hugh R Barrett, Gerald F Watts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Inhibition of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 with alirocumab decreases plasma lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels. The kinetic mechanism for lowering Lp(a) by alirocumab may differ according to pre-treatment apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] levels. Methods: The effect of 12-week alirocumab (150 mg subcutaneously fortnightly) on the kinetics of apo(a) was compared in statin-treated patients with high (n = 10) and very high Lp(a) concentrations (n = 11). Results: In patients with high apo(a) concentrations, alirocumab lowered plasma apo(a) pool size (–17%, p < 0.01) chiefly by increasing the fractional catabolic rate (FCR) of apo(a) (+27%, p < 0.001). By contrast in patients with very high apo(a) concentrations, alirocumab significantly lowered plasma apo(a) pool size (–32%, p < 0.001) by both increasing apo(a) FCR (+30%, p < 0.001) and lowering production rate (–11%, p < 0.05). Conclusions: In statin-treated patients with very high apo(a) concentrations, alirocumab lowers plasma Lp(a) concentration by a dual mode of action that increases the clearance and decreases the production of Lp(a) particles. © 2022 The Association for the Publication of the Journal of Internal Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)870-876
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Internal Medicine
Volume291
Issue number6
Early online date2 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

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