Patterns of use, survival and prognostic factors in patients receiving home mechanical ventilation in Western Australia: A single centre historical cohort study

Geak Poh Tan, Nigel McArdle, Satvinder Singh Dhaliwal, Jane Douglas, Clare Siobhan Rea, Bhajan Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Home mechanical ventilation (HMV) is used in a wide range of disorders associated with chronic hypoventilation. We describe the patterns of use, survival and predictors of death in Western Australia. We identified 240 consecutive patients (60% male; mean age 58 years and body mass index 31 kg m−2) referred for HMV between 2005 and 2010. The patients were grouped into four categories: motor neurone disorders (MND; 39%), pulmonary disease (PULM; 25%, mainly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), non-MND neuromuscular and chest wall disorders (NMCW; 21%) and the obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS; 15%). On average, the patients had moderate ventilatory impairment (forced vital capacity: 51%predicted), sleep apnoea (apnoea-hypopnea index: 25 events h−1), sleep-related hypoventilation (transcutaneous carbon dioxide rise of 20 mmHg) and daytime hypercarbia (PCO2: 54 mmHg). Median durations of survival from HMV initiation were 1.0, 4.2, 9.9 and >11.5 years for MND, PULM, NMCW and OHS, respectively. Independent predictors of death varied between primary indications for HMV; the predictors included (a) age in all groups except for MND (hazard ratios (HRs) 1.03–1.10); (b) cardiovascular disease (HR: 2.35, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.08–5.10) in MND; (c) obesity (HR: 0.28, 95% CI: 0.13–0.62) and oxygen therapy (HR: 0.33, 95% CI: 0.14–0.79) in PULM; and (d) forced expiratory volume in 1 s (%predicted; HR: 0.93, 95% CI: 0.88–1.00) in OHS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-364
Number of pages9
JournalChronic Respiratory Disease
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

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