Patterns of spread of two non-persistently aphid-borne viruses in lupin stands under four different infection scenarios

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    Abstract

    Patterns of spread of Bean yellow mosaic virus (necrotic type, BYMV-N) and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) were examined in stands of narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) where naturally occurring aphid vectors moved them from external or internal primary virus sources. The lupin stands were: commercial crops near BYMV-infected clover pasture with or without an intervening non-host barrier crop; a large rectangular block with BYMV-N and CMV sources on opposite sides and a narrow, non-host barrier crop facing the BYMV-N source; and a plot within which seed-infected lupin plants acted as internal CMV sources. When BYMV-N spread into commercial crops in the absence of a non-host barrier, there was a steep decline in its incidence with distance from the crop edge. However, when a 20 m-wide perimeter barrier of oats intervened between the two, there was only a shallow decline. When CMV and BYMV-N spread from opposite directions into a block with a 0.25 m-wide oat barrier between it and the BYMV-N source, the BYMV-N incidence gradient was shallow but in the opposite direction the CMV gradient was steep. When CMV spread from primary sources within a plot, infection was concentrated in large internal patches. Spread of BYMV-N was more diffuse with more isolated symptomatic plants and small clusters than occurred with CMV, spread of which was more comprehensive, reflecting the near monocyclic and polycyclic patterns of spread with BYMV-N with CMV respectively. Spread of both viruses was greater along than across rows, especially with CMV With BYMV-N, three different phased cycles of secondary spread were evident in the individual symptomatic plants within the small clusters that formed away from the edges of lupin stands. These findings help validate inclusion of perimeter non-host barriers within an integrated disease management strategy for BYMV-N in lupin.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)337-350
    JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
    Volume146
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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