Pattern recognition based on canonical correlations in a high dimension low sample size context

Mitsuru Tamatani, Inge Koch, Kanta Naito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper is concerned with pattern recognition for 2-class problems in a High Dimension Low Sample Size (hdlss) setting. The proposed method is based on canonical correlations between the predictors X and responses Y. The paper proposes a modified version of the canonical correlation matrix σX-1/2σXYσY-1/2 which is suitable for discrimination with class labels Y in a hdlss context. The modified canonical correlation matrix yields ranking vectors for variable selection, a discriminant direction and a rule which is essentially equivalent to the naive Bayes rule. The paper examines the asymptotic behavior of the ranking vectors and the discriminant direction and gives precise conditions for hdlss consistency in terms of the growth rates of the dimension and sample size. The feature selection induced by the discriminant direction as ranking vector is shown to work efficiently in simulations and in applications to real hdlss data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-367
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Multivariate Analysis
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes


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