Patient-Reported Status and Heart Failure Outcomes in Asia by Sex, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status

ASIAN‐HF (Asian Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure) Registry Investigators, Claire A. Lawson, Wan Ting Tay, Mark Richards, Francesco Zaccardi, Jasper Tromp, Tiew Hwa Katherine Teng, Chung Lieh Hung, Chanchal Chandramouli, Gurpreet S. Wander, Wouter Ouwerkerk, Kanako Teramoto, Mohammad Ali, Umesh Kadam, Simon Hand, Mary Harrison, Inder Anand, Ajay Naik, Iain Squire, Kamlesh KhuntiAnna Stromberg, Carolyn S.P. Lam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: In heart failure (HF), symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are known to vary among different HF subgroups, but evidence on the association between changing HRQoL and outcomes has not been evaluated. Objectives: The authors sought to investigate the relationship between changing symptoms, signs, and HRQoL and outcomes by sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status (SES). Methods: Using the ASIAN-HF (Asian Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure) Registry, we investigated associations between the 6-month change in a “global” symptoms and signs score (GSSS), Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall score (KCCQ-OS), and visual analogue scale (VAS) and 1-year mortality or HF hospitalization. Results: In 6,549 patients (mean age: 62 ± 13 years], 29% female, 27% HF with preserved ejection fraction), women and those in low SES groups had higher symptom burden but lower signs and similar KCCQ-OS to their respective counterparts. Malay patients had the highest GSSS (3.9) and lowest KCCQ-OS (58.5), and Thai/Filipino/others (2.6) and Chinese patients (2.7) had the lowest GSSS scores and the highest KCCQ-OS (73.1 and 74.6, respectively). Compared to no change, worsening of GSSS (>1-point increase), KCCQ-OS (≥10-point decrease) and VAS (>1-point decrease) were associated with higher risk of HF admission/death (adjusted HR: 2.95 [95% CI: 2.14-4.06], 1.93 [95% CI: 1.26-2.94], and 2.30 [95% CI: 1.51-3.52], respectively). Conversely, the same degrees of improvement in GSSS, KCCQ-OS, and VAS were associated with reduced rates (HR: 0.35 [95% CI: 0.25-0.49], 0.25 [95% CI: 0.16-0.40], and 0.64 [95% CI: 0.40-1.00], respectively). Results were consistent across all sex, ethnicity, and SES groups (interaction P > 0.05). Conclusions: Serial measures of patient-reported symptoms and HRQoL are significant and consistent predictors of outcomes among different groups with HF and provide the potential for a patient-centered and pragmatic approach to risk stratification.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-362
Number of pages14
JournalJACC: Asia
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


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